Sunday, May 29, 2016

Managing Client Expectations in an Injury Case

A client is similar to a screenwriter. They have fantastical ideas, which turn into grandeur images in their head. Most of those ideas involve unrealistic expectations as to what the true value of their case is. For some reason they believe that an accident claim is a ticket to retirement. Most often, it is not.

Managing client expectations is not only important for the client, it is important for the attorney. For one, an attorney should never create a false impression. Controlling the narrative of what to expect will help an attorney remain disciplined in how he or she communicates with clients. Two, relationships are the foundation of a good law practice. One relies on referrals to survive. A happy client, which means a client who is not surprised with a result of a case, will refer family and friends in the future.

Communicating to the client about the value of his or her case can be difficult. Case value is subjective. That is why claims are fought over in litigation. As one may guess, the defense will value the case less than the plaintiff, and vice versa.

But evaluating a case can also hinge on objective factors. Any case has value when there are damages that can be proven. Damages can be shown via medical bills, lost earnings, etc. A bigger case may involve more medical bills because the accident required significant treatment. For example, if a plaintiff broke both legs, he or she will have higher medical bills than a person who only suffered whiplash (although many whiplash clients experience horrible nerve pain, which affects them for a lifetime). Indeed, the plaintiff with broken legs may not be able to work, while the whiplash plaintiff may continue on with work the very next day after the accident. Under the law, a plaintiff is compensated for those medical bills incurred and the earnings lost because of injury.

Other factors go into determining the value of a case. The reliability of the client will go a long way. Remember that the point of litigation is that both parties are satisfied with the case going to trial by jury. Each side is preparing for a jury trial, meaning that they are organizing when witnesses will testify, and what they will testify to. A client who comes across well-liked, truthful, sympathetic, and aggrieved will increase the value of a case. An attorney does not want a client who will testify poorly in front of a jury.

Putting all of the pieces together and telling a client what a case should settle for remains a risk. The judgment, or arbitration award, or agreed mediation proposal, could be lower than what was communicated. That is why an attorney should give a range, beginning with the worst case scenario (we could lose!) to the best case scenario (the best case scenario should be lower than what you actually think the best case scenario is). More importantly, the attorney should clearly communicate that it is an experienced guess but not a guaranteed opinion. Nothing in personal injury law is guaranteed. If someone tells you different, I would speak with someone else.

Always consult with an experienced injury attorney after an accident. An attorney should not only manage expectations, they should give you, or a loved one, peace of mind.

Friday, May 13, 2016

Lessons from the Popular Podcast "Serial"

My wife and I finished the first season of the podcast "Serial." The popularity of the podcast does not surprise me. Not only was the presentation well done, but the integrity of the investigation was sound. For those who may not know what I am referring to, "Serial" is an expose into the 1999 murder of Hae Min Lee, a charming, brilliant high school student.

A jury in Baltimore convicted Adnan Syed, the former boyfriend, for the crime. "Serial" relied upon conversations with Adnan Syed to assist in its own investigation. Adnan was good-looking, friendly, and endearing to his peers so the conviction came as quite a shock to many people in the community. His conviction is currently being challenged via a petition for writ of habeas corpus.

The case, tragic in a myriad of ways, is a good example of what post-conviction relief looks like. First, let us discuss the evidence against Adnan. Then, we will discuss some potentially exculpatory evidence that is being used in his habeas case. Lastly, some final thoughts will be given.

The prosecution's case against Adnan was built upon the testimony of Adnan's friend Jay (not real name). Jay gave testimony that Adnan had planned Hai Min Lee's murder, told Jay about it, and then asked Jay to assist in the burying of the body after the murder. This testimony in conjunction with cell phone tower evidence (used much more today than at the time of the trial) was the crux of the prosecution's case. Jay's inconsistencies were many, but the cell phone tower evidence corroborated his story that he was in Leakin Park (a park near Baltimore) with Adnan on the night that Hae Min Lee went missing. Hae Min Lee's body was found in Leakin Park a few months later.

Despite Adnan hiring one of the most renowned criminal defense attorneys in Baltimore, Cristina Gutierrez, he lost at trial. One of the main arguments used Adnan's habeas petition was that Cristina Gutierrez provided ineffective assistance of counsel. Specifically, Adnan claimed that Cristina Gutierrez failed to contact an alibi witness who wrote a letter to Ms. Gutierrez stating that she had seen Adnan Syed in the library at the time the prosecution believed Hae Min Lee was murdered (he is also claiming that Cristina Gutierrez failed to seek a plea deal with the prosecution).

A judge has to decide whether Ms. Gutierrez's failures resulted in fundamental unfairness for Adnan, and whether a new trial is warranted.

Most habeas petitions include an argument of ineffective assistance of counsel (IAC). Given the Supreme Court's recent expansion of the law with respect to plea bargaining, it is a good argument to make. Attorneys are not perfect, and the law should not expect them to be. As such, relief should be given to those defendants who were not given a fair trial because their attorneys were inadequate.

Adnan Syed's case also involves DNA evidence. An innocent project clinic is moving to test evidence collected -- where Hae Min Lee's body was found -- that has never been tested before. It is the hope of Adnan that the DNA evidence will exculpate him for the murder of Hae Min Lee.

Like IAC, using DNA evidence to prove factual innocence is common in post-conviction relief. California has even taken steps to lower the standard at which evidence can be tested. Other states have implemented better DNA evidence protocol with respect to police investigations, i.e. they must keep the evidence a certain period of time, ensure its authenticity, etc.

No matter what, seeking post-conviction relief via a writ of habeas corpus is an uphill battle. Most, and I emphasize most, cases are dismissed with prejudice. The burden shifts immediately after a defendant is convicted, meaning that the People do not have to prove a case beyond a reasonable doubt. It is up to the petitioner to prove his innocence. It is very difficult to do; just ask Adnan Syed.

Monday, April 25, 2016

E-Filing in Los Angeles County for Personal Injury Cases

Stanley Mosk is the central court in Los Angeles County for civil cases. Thousands of cases are heard each year at the Hill Street courthouse. In addition, due to changes a few years ago, all personal injury cases are initially filed at Stanley Mosk. It is referred to as the personal injury hub.

Prior to February 2016, there were a few ways to file a case. One way -- the old fashion way -- was to walk it in and file it in person with the civil clerk in Room 102. A plaintiff could also file by mailing in the lawsuit, with a check for the filing fee. Finally, fax filing was an option as well. No more, however. Cases no longer can be filed by fax.

Personal injury cases can now be e-filed! It appears that e-filing may be rolled out for all civil cases, but as of now, it is limited to personal injury causes of action.

The technological change is welcomed. Los Angeles County falls behind Orange County and San Diego County with respect to e-filing. Los Angeles County certainly handles larger volumes of cases but one way to increase productivity and efficiency is to embrace technology.

Initiation of a personal injury case requires a complaint, summons, and cover sheet. A complaint is a legal document that contains the claims made against the defendant. It is meant to provide notice of why the plaintiff is seeking monetary damages. The summons is a procedural document that gives information as to the pending litigation against the defendant. It obligates the defendant to respond to the allegations made. The cover sheet helps the clerk determine where to assign the case.

If you or someone you know has a potential case, it is prudent to consult with a personal injury attorney. One should not e-file a case pro per unless they understand the ramifications of proceeding forward without representation.

Monday, April 11, 2016

Constitutional Right to Effective Representation in Trouble

The Constitution is the bedrock of our Republic. Not only did it formulate a form of government meant to distribute powers among the branches, it also established personal liberties and rights. Among those rights, includes the right to an attorney. The Fifth and Sixth Amendments should be respected.

Unfortunately, throughout our country, lack of public funding has led to a crisis in adequate criminal representation. The New York Times recently reported that Louisiana defendants are without counsel. In some situations, the accused remain in jail without a trial date. Some in the criminal defense bar are being compelled, without pay, to represent indigent defendants.

Louisiana judges have threatened to release defendants due to the crisis. Despite being outright appalling, Louisiana does not stand alone. States are struggling to find ways to pay for public defenders. As is, public defenders face enormous challenges: having to litigate hundreds of cases without much assistance. Instead of justice being served, often, it is an assembly-line to get cases completed quickly without second thought as to the defendant's guilt or innocence.

Most citizens do not pay attention to this growing problem. Such issues are not important until it becomes a personal issue -- say when a family or friend has been charged with a crime. Our country should care about these constitutional rights.

Even if states are being irresponsible with their budgets, public defense must be paid for. More funds must be allocated to these offices.

Additionally, novel approaches must be considered. Funding cannot rely solely upon traffic ticket revenues. A Texas county announced that it intended to experiment with a voucher program. The county will allow a defendant to choose an attorney of his or her choice, and provide a certain amount of the funds for representation. Other experiments should be done.

We do not expect constitutional principles to be disregarded when it is difficult to find the money. Our elected officials must make it a priority. You, as a citizen or resident, should make your voice heard. Let's protect the constitutional right to an attorney.